About department

The Laboratory was founded and enhanced as one of the KHNURE’s scientific schools which conduct research works on the realm of astronomical Science and was first named “meteor radarschoolofProf. BL Kashcheyev”. 

It occurred as a separate facility within the Problem Research Laboratory of Radio Engineering (PRL RE), together with the foundation of four other research laboratories of geophysics, connection and metrology, starting from 1958 until 2002.  

Within the scope of the international program “International Geophysical Year of the year 1957”, the scientific group of PRL RE participated effectually with its section V “Inoshpere. Meteors”, formed by provost B.L. Kashcheev, from the Department of Radio Engineering Foundation of Kharkov Polytechnic Institute (KHPI).  Also the Laboratory (PRL RE) was established by him. 

After the provost’s retirement, the B.L Kachscheev-meteor radar school was converted into a Scientific andEducationalCenterof the Radio Engineering Foundation (SEC FRE) in 2002. Against the background of the foundation of a special Radio Astronomy laboratory in 2007, the astronomical realm, that has been led by Prof. Y. Voloshchuk, since 1982, was allocated from the SEC FRE. 

In the development of astronomical directions of the meteor radarschoolofProf. B.L. Kashcheevmany scientists made significant contributions, such as: Kashcheev, B.L., Fedynsky, V.V, Astapovich, I.S, Simonenko, A.N., Lebedinets, V.N., Novoselova, N.V., Tkachuk O.O., Voloshchuk, Y.I., and so forth. 

Main chief of the B.L. Kashcheev scientific school became Prof. Dr. Y.I. Voloshchuk, head of the astronomical realm from the 1980ies. From 1986-1996 he was head of the BRE-department and from 1986-2006 professor of the FRE-department and is besides still head of the Connection Networks Department.

The substantial scientific and technical achievements of scientists from the astronomical realm, that came along with their personal contribution and were headed by Y.I. Voloshchuk and B.L. Kashcheev, are highly appreciable on international and local levels. 

Achievements granted for:

1994 -  M.P. Barabashov’ Prize from the Presidium of theUkrainianAcademyof Sciences

1999, 2001, 2002 – award for three minor planets names “Kashcheev”, “KhTURE”, “Voloshchuk”

2004 – for the appropriation status of the national heritage ofUkrainefor experimental meteor radar complex on the University ground in the suburban area Balakleya/Kharkiv). These enabled in whole to establish a special Radio astronomy laboratory, headed by supervisor YI Voloshchuk, in order to further more effective developments in the realm of astronomy.

Within the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the program “International Geophysical Year 1957″ (IGY1957) in 2007, the organizers of the new program “International Heliophysical Year” granted B.L. Kashcheyev’ achievements for the successful implementation of the meteor program “IGY 1957″, awarding him the certificate and the badge “Gold IGY1957”. 

Considering the above achievements of B.L. Kashcheev, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of Ukraine, in the development of the meteor radiolocation (in general) and meteor radar astronomy (as a weighty part of this trend, in particular) direction, the newly Radio Astronomy Laboratory was named in honor of B.L. Kashcheev, as the founder of meteors radar studies in Ukraine/Kharkov.

The results of the RA Laboratory researches are fundamental. 

The RA Laboratory was offered money on researches from the state budget to the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of Ukraine.  

During 2011 – 2013 years there has been performed several researches on the topic № 253-1: The study of the fine structures of small bodies-distributions of orbital elements in the Solar system (comets, asteroids and meteoroids).

In the course of research, we seek to get closer to solve the problem finding structural features of the distributions of orbital elements of comets, such as asteroids and meteoroids, which have been formed in the result of their orbits evolution instead of their origin.

The evolution of the orbits of these objects is mainly determined by gravitational perturbations. An important fundamental problem of the periodic study is its existence in the distributions of orbital elements components. There were both theoretical and experimental attempts to confirm the presence of periodicities, doing research inUkraine,Russia,China,Brazil, etc. Estimates derived theoretically by different authors, differ in its orders of magnitude. Experimental confirmation or refutations of the hypothesis have not yet occurred. This is due to small sample sizes, neglecting the factor of selectivity of observations or incorrect choice of objects and so forth. With the new modern data on the orbits of small bodies whose orbits converge to the orbit of the Earth, there is a reason to revisit this important issue. New opportunities to resolve the posed question are realized in this particular research. 

During 2008 – 2010 in B.L. Kashcheev RA laboratory was carried out a research on the topic № 223-1:  “Dynamic connection of asteroids, comets with meteor bodies”. 

The main results are: 

1) The synthesis methods of data measuring of the orbital elements of asteroids and comets obtained by different methods observation.

2) A new method of cluster analysis, that takes into account the cause-effect relationships in the dynamics of the interplanetary solid components in the Solar system and enables to obtain data, that is not only on the meteoroid streams, but also concerns their parent bodies.

3) Estimation the probability of dropping out of the earth, identification of parent bodies of meteor streams.

4) Estimation of possible orbital elements concerning unknown to current parent bodies of meteors.

The novelty of the results is the ability to determine a genetic relationship of meteoroids, without any knowledge of intersection conditions of individual meteoroids with the earths orbit. 

The main results of this research are published in the form of articles and reports in the press, including in the monograph from authors, such as Voloshchuk Y.I., Gorelov D.Y. (edited by YI Voloshchuk, published in 2011) “Meteor showers and associations that emerge from the long-term radar observations in Kharkov”. These and other proceedings are used within in the KHNURE educational process, furthermore in scientific researches of RA laboratory to improve the KHNURE electronic database of meteor, and by graduate students writing their theses.

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