The population of Ukraine is 48 million people. Ukraine occupies an area of 603,700 sq. km. Borders on Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova, Hungary. Capital is Kyiv (Kiev). Territorial division 24 regions, Autonomous republic of Crimea, cities with the special status are Kyiv and Sevastopol. State language is Ukrainian. Russian language is widely used.
Ukraine is a parliamentary-president republic with the authority divided between the President, Premier-Minister, Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) and court system. The main law is Constitution adopted in 1997.
Review of History
First known societies that inhibited the territory of Ukraine, dated back to the 3 century B. C., had developed agriculture. First state unions were established in the 1st century B. C. Tribal unions of Slavs of forest-steppe area started to cultivate lands in Dnieper river bed, one of the longest rivers of Eastern Europe, in the 1st century A.D.
The 19th century was marked by the establishment of several universities, that Ukrainian education took pride in. The Kharkiv National University was founded in 1805.
Rapid development of industry, agriculture and trade in Ukraine promoted the system of higher education. Technical and agricultural universities started to appear. Scientific researches were among priorities. The language of education was Russian.
During the Soviet Union times (1924-1991) Ukraine was one of the most developed republics. Its economy demanded a great number of highly qualified specialists for implementation of scientific researches results into industry. These demands were met due to a big number of universities and institutes. Ukrainian scientists were the authors of new achievements in the area of information technologies, construction, air-space technologies, etc.
- New Year’s Day – 1st of January
- Orthodox Christmas – 7th of January
- International Women Day – 8th of March
- Orthodox Easter
- Labour Day -1st of May
- Victory Day – 9th of May
- Trinity Sunday
- Constitution Day – 28th of June
- Day ofIndependence – 24th of August
Most of the state Universities provide free medical service in students hospitals. Students can also go to state and private hospitals, where medical service is to be paid for.
Service of ambulance is free.
The climate in Ukraine is determined by its geographical position.Ukraine’s territory lies in the temperate belt. In general, the country’s climate is temperately continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of the Crimea.
The warmest region is found in the Crimean peninsular, the coldest – in the north-east of Ukraine.
Subtropical climate can be found on the southern coast of the Crimea because the Crimean Mountains stops the movement of cold Arctic air to the coast. These climatic features have contributed to the creation of one of the best resort areas in Ukraine.
The warmest month is July, the coldest one is January. The temperatures vary predominantly from the north to the south, in the Ukrainian Carpathians — from the north-west to the south-east. The lowest temperature of January and February is -7… -8°C(on the plains of Crimea —0°C, on it’s southern shore — up to +3… +4°C). The highest average July temperature is +17… +19°C(north and north-west) and +22… +23°C(south and south-east). In the Carpathians it can go down to +13… +14°C, and to +16°C in the Crimean Mountains.
The standard electrical current throughout Ukraine is 220 volts and 50Hz.