Ukraine is located in Eastern Europe. It is a middle-income country which since attaining independence in 1991 has made progress in reforming its economic and social systems. With a highly educated labour force, a wealth of natural resources, a unique geographic location and a quite developed industrial base, Ukraine is working towards translating its resources and potential into a competitive advantage in various sectors of the economy.
The population of Ukraine is 48 million people. Ukraine occupies an area of 603,700 sq. km. Borders on Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Moldova, Hungary. Capital is Kyiv (Kiev). Territorial division 24 regions. Russian language is widely used. The country is ranked 78th out of 186 countries according to the Human Development Index 2013, trailing other countries in the region.
Ukraine is the world’s most energy intensive country and the sixth largest per capita CO2 emitter, requiring investment for modernization of production processes and policy changes.
Education in Ukraine is given great attention by the government and a large number of facilities and institutions exist for the purpose of educating the population. Ukraine has a very well-developed higher education system. Higher education is provided by higher education establishments, private bodies and scientific and methodological facilities of the government. It is evident that the system of education in Ukraine has been well-developed and opportunities exist for the entire population and international students.
The climate in Ukraine is determined by its geographical position.Ukraine’s territory lies in the temperate belt. In general, the country’s climate is temperately continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of the Crimea.
The warmest month is July, the coldest one is January. The temperatures vary predominantly from the north to the south, in the Ukrainian Carpathians — from the north-west to the south-east. The lowest temperature of January and February is -7… -8°C(on the plains of Crimea —0°C, on it’s southern shore — up to +3… +4°C). The highest average July temperature is +17… +19°C(north and north-west) and +22… +23°C(south and south-east). In the Carpathians it can go down to +13… +14°C, and to +16°C in the Crimean Mountains.
The national currency of Ukraine is Hryvnia, UAH (the official exchange rate of Hryvnia against foreign currencies). The most widespread foreign currencies inUkraine are US dollar and Euro. You can exchange foreign currency in banks, currency exchange offices, or at airports where the currency exchange rate is the same as in other places. Commission for this service has to be paid in hryvnias.
You can freely use your credit cards of international payment systems in shops, supermarkets, hotels, transport companies, clubs and restaurants. Also you can get cash in numerous ATMs.